WIDEALLY Considered one of the most important Muslim military leaders of all time, Khalid ibn al-Walid was an Arab Muslim commander in the service of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and the Caliphs Abu Bakr (RA) (r. 632-634) and Umar (RA) (r. 634-644).
He was born in AD 583 to the Quraysh Horseman / Horseman Tribe, Banu Makhzum Clan, who fiercely opposed Muhammed (pbuh) while living in Mecca.
From an early age, he developed proficient skills in cavalry and archery. He was able to shoot the arrow as he mounted in motion with precision and used the spear which he used as a powerful weapon against his opponents in the following years, but his sword skills and speed were his point. strong, which was a blessing from Allah Almighty.
Prior to his conversion to Islam in AD 624, an army of 30,000 Qurayshi Meccan marched towards the Muslim stronghold of Medina. They were encountered in a valley near Mount Uhud in present-day Saudi Arabia by a Muslim army one-tenth its size. Although outnumbered, the Muslim archers took control of the heights and forced the Meccan army to retreat. Seeing the enemy retreat, the archers left their posts to plunder the Meccan camp, thus weakening the flank of the Muslim army. Khalid, commanding a small contingent of 700 troops, capitalized on the Muslim error and led his men to a decisive victory – inflicting on his Muslim foe the only serious battlefield defeat they suffered in the course of the whole war between Muslims and Qurayshi.
He was 43 years old when he converted after reading his brother’s letter urging him to convert and telling him that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) had asked him about him and stated that Khalid’s stature would always be reserved if he converted. In the eighth year of the Hegira, Khalid traveled to Medina to meet the prophet and announce his acceptance of the Islamic faith. It is said that the first thing he asked Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was to pray to Allah to forgive everything he had done to Muslims.
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) told him that his acceptance of Islam meant that all his past sins were forgiven by Allah. Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) called him Saifullah.
Khalid’s first military expedition under the Muslim banner was in Muta (now Jordan). The military encounter took place between the Muslim and Byzantine armies after the latter killed Muslims in the Levant region. The Romans mobilized 200,000 warriors for battle, while the Muslim army was made up of 3,000 fighters.
Three Muslim commanders were appointed by the Prophet to succeed one another and carry the banner of the army. All three were killed during the battle, and he was on the verge of falling until a companion of the Prophet, Thabit ibn al-Arqam hurried up and entrusted the leadership of the army to Khalid ibn al-Walid. for his vast military experience.
Khalid (RA) was reluctant to take on the role and said Thabit was more worthy of the leadership. Khalid considered himself unfit because he recently converted to Islam. But Thabit and the rest of the Muslim warriors insisted that Khalid lead the army.
By this time, Muslims were approaching defeat. Khalid had no choice but to retreat with less losses.
He cleverly reshuffled the right and left flanks of the Muslim army and introduced a division from behind in an effort to sow fear in the hearts of the Byzantines, making it appear that new reinforcements had arrived. He then withdrew with the army safely to Medina.
It was in this battle that the Prophet described Khalid as Saifullah or the sword of Allah.
As Khalid (RA) neared his death on his bed. Someone said to Khalid “O Khalid, don’t you understand. The day Muhammad (pbuh) nicknamed you the sword of Allah, it was impossible for you to die on a battlefield. If you died on the battlefield, it would have meant that the sword of Allah was broken by the enemy.
And the sword of Allah could never be broken. Khalid (RA), contrary to his wishes, died on his bed.
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